5-6 year olds

5 and 6 year olds.

Who are your students

When a child is 5/6 years old, he/she can come ice skating at Duosport for the first time. From this age, most children are ready to work on stability and balance on the ice and a basic skating movement

General features

biological development

Cognitive development

Social development

What is your role as an instructor? Drill instructor or warm facilitator?

How does a child learn to walk (skate)? With someone by your side who explains exactly how to do it, who tells you to stretch your legs and unwind your foot? That chance is small. It learns to walk by trial and error, it is a game with challenges. The first steps are to the arms of mother/father and falling into it is the ultimate reward. You create a safe environment in which children dare to move and thus learn from the variations you offer.

The same goes for skating. Fall and rise. A child will not stand straight on his skates if you tell him to. Children learn to skate by practicing a lot in a variety of ways. They do that when it's fun, safe. An adult who keeps telling you what to do and what not to do is not helpful. Children mainly learn implicitly. It is good to start from the child and to always stick to what is fun and educational.

Which shapes do you use where on the track

Many of these examples are done on a small piece of ice. Often you don't need more. A 400 meter track is long, boring and unsafe for (young) children. Divided into small pieces and with each other it is a challenge for many children
– On your deposited piece of ice, use current shapes around pawns. In a lap or in a circle/oval.
– In addition, you can also work together on your set-off piece, back and forth or in place. Children must feel safe and secure so that they dare to move and learn freely.

It is important that your organization is such that they move simultaneously and rest/listen at the same time. You often let them sit (around you) while resting/listening.

The 5/6 year olds are separated from the other children before the large division. They gather in a place that is close to the main gathering place. The reason for this is that it is nice for this group of children if they are already at the meeting point. They are not always strong enough to skate on their own, or to skate far. They are also more likely to panic if it is not clear what should be done.

How do you differentiate

Depending on where and when the course takes place, 1 or more groups 5-6 will be created or even a group with more ages will be created. The classification is then globally based on skill.

Within your group there are of course always differences in skill and speed. If everyone in your group can move freely, one will make a little more meters or get up faster than others. Having one person do something extra once is often sufficient. if you work in a flow form, let catch up. this makes everyone happy, those who overtake are not restricted and those who are overtaken do not have to feel pressure from pushers.


A pitfall is that you want too much and too soon. Don't forget to take a break somewhere in the middle of the lesson, especially in the first few lessons. Because of the many impressions, new experiences and the like, they get tired quickly. Sit down with them halfway through and chat for a while. Do not play games with other groups during the first lessons, but make sure they get to know each other and trust in tap games etc. at the end of the lesson.


During the lesson you use a story. You try to translate the different exercises within that story.
We have formatted a number of stories:

How can you approach learning the skating movement

What can you expect from this group

biological development

Cognitive development

Social development